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新概念3Lesson60Too early词汇和句型1-5

2021-09-19| 来源:互联网| 查看: 317| 评论: 0

摘要: 新概念3Lesson60Tooearly词汇和句型1-51.punctuality[pʌŋktʃʊ'ælətɪ]n.守时,准时Punctualityisthesoulofbusiness.守时是生意的灵......
新概念3Lesson60Too early词汇和句型1-5
1. punctuality [pʌŋktʃʊ'ælətɪ]
n. 守时,准时
Punctuality is the soul of business. 
守时是生意的灵魂。
punctual adj.
We have learnt to expect that trains will be punctual.
我们已学会期望火车会准时。

2. rural ['ruərəl]
adj. 农村的
rural adj. connected with or like the countryside 农村的
rural areas / accents农村地区、口音
Only in a sparsely-populated rural community is it possible to disregard it.
只有在人口稀少的农村社区,才有可能忽视它。
反义词:urban城镇的
metropolitan =metropolis大都市
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3. intellectual [ɪntə'lektʃuəl]
n. 知识分子;adj. 智力的
intellectual development智力发展
intelligent智慧的
intelligent being智能生物

4. reproach [ri'prəutʃ]
v. 责备
reproach v. criticize sb. or oneself, esp. for failing to do sth. 责备
reproach sb. for sth.
The General was reproached by his allies for failing to inform them of his plans. I have nothing to reproach myself for.
这位将军因没有把他的计划通知盟国而受到盟国的谴责。我没有什么可自责的。
But people are often reproached for unpunctuality when their only fault is cutting things fine. 
但人们常常因为不准时而受到责备,因为他们唯一的错误就是把事情处理得很好。
同义短语:criticize sb. for sth.=censure sb. for sth.=reprimand / rebuke sb. for sth. =accuse sb. of sth.=
scold sb. for sth. =blame sb. for sth. =blame sth. on sb. =condemn A for / as B 

5. fraction ['frækʃn]
n. 分数;一小部分,些微
a fraction of … ……的一小部分
I bought these shoes at a fraction of its original price.
我以原价的零头买了这双鞋。
a fraction of a second / a minute / an inch … 不到一秒钟 / 一分钟 / 一英寸
She hesitated for a fraction of a second before answering. 
她犹豫了一会儿才回答。
The car stopped within a fraction of an inch of the wall.
汽车停在离墙不到一英寸的地方。
If you are catching a train, it is always better to be comfortably early than even a fraction of a minute too late.
如果你在赶火车,早一点总比晚一分钟好。
a high / large proportion of …=a high / large percentage of ... 大概率
a small / tiny proportion of …=a small / tiny percentage of ...小概率
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