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other和another的用法neither和either的用法

2022-06-25| 来源:互联网| 查看: 317| 评论: 0

摘要: other和another的用法neither和either的用法1.other和anotherother泛指“另外的”,作定语,常与复数名词或单数不可数名词......
other和another的用法neither和either的用法
    1.other和another
    other泛指“另外的”,作定语,常与复数名词或单数不可数名词连用,但如果前面有the,this,that,some,any,each,every,no,none,one,or以及形容词性物主代词时,则可与单数名词连用。例如:all other rice,no other way,the other one,any other plant,every other day,some other reason等等。
    others是other的复数形式,泛指“别的人或物”(但不是全部)。例如:
    Don’t lend the book to oth ers.
    Some are carrying water,others are watering the trees.
    the other指“两者中的另一个”,常与one连用,作定语修饰复数名词时,表示另一方中的“全部其余的”。例如:
    He held a book in one hand and his notes in the other.
    the others是the other的复数形式,特指“全部其余的人或物”。例如:
    I have got ten pencils.Two of them are red,the others are blue.another指三个或三个以上中的任何一个,“现一……”“另一个”,作代词或形容词。例如:

    I don’t like this dictionary.Please give me another.

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    one… the other指两个人或物当中的“一个”和“另外一个”;叙述三个不同的人或事物时,需用one,another,the third。例如:
    Here are two books. One is for Mary,the other is for Jack. 
    Three boys are here.One is Dick,another is Tom and the third is David.

    2.neither和either的用法
    neither表示两者都不;either表示两者中的任何一个。两个词都表示单数,在句子中作主语、宾语和定语。例如:
     Neither of the answers is correct.(主语)
    Either sentence is right.(定语)
    I know neither of the teachers.(宾语)
    Here are two dictionaries. You may take either.(宾语)

  1.We ________the last bus and didn’t have any money for taxi,so w e had to walk home.
  A.reached
  B.lost
  C.missed
  D.caught
  【答案】C。
  【解析】reach意为“到,抵,到达(特定地点,目的地等)”,lose意为“丢失,丧失”,miss意为“没赶上(车子等)、错过”,catch意为“赶(得上)(火车等);追着,捕捉;逮着”根据句意只能选C。
  2.The news of the mayor’s comong to our school for a visit was ______on the radio yesterday.
  A. turned out B.found out C. given out D.carried out
  【答案】C
  【解析】 句意:新市长要求来我校参观的消息已于昨日通过广播公布了。A项意为“ 结果是,制造生产” B项意为“查清,弄明”C项是“分发,散发”D项为“履行,实施”
  3.If we can ______our present difficulties, then everything should be all right.
  A. cone across B. get over C. come over D. get off
  【答案】B
  【解析】 句意: 如果我们能克服目前的困难,一切都会很顺利的。come across 偶遇;get over克服,越过;come over 过来,顺便来访;get off 下车,使动身。
  4.It’s the sort of work that__________a high level of concentration.
  A. calls for B. makes up
  C. lies in D. stands for
  【答案】A
  【解析】call for“要求”;make up“弥补,编造,组成”;lie in“在于”;stand for“代表”。句意是“正是这种工作要求精力高度集中。”故正确答案为选项A。
  5.We firmly believe that war never settles anything. It only__________violence.
  A. runs into B.comes from
  C. leads to D. begins with
  【答案】C
  【解析】run into“撞上,陷入”;c ome from“来自于”;lead to“导致,引起”;begin with“以……开始”。句意是“我们坚信战争不会解决任何问题,它只会引起暴力。”故正确答案为C。
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